Toltec Ruins can be found in a large portion of Maya,
central Mexico. The
capital is called Tula, which is just north of Mexico City.
Here, the Toltecs ruled primarily from the 10th
to the 12th centuries AD. This particular culture was the last of the dominant
Mesoamericans prior to the appearance of the Aztecs. While all of the Toltec Ruins are impressive, the ones that
always get the most attention are those in Yucatan at
spoke Nahuatl and had a special way of controlling.
The name, Toltecs translates to “urbanite” or
“cultured person”, or more literally, “reed people”,
which comes from the urban center from which they came.
Sometime around 900 AD, the Toltecs burned the city
of Teotihuacan, which was lead by their powerful leader,
Mixcoatl, meaning “cloud serpent.”
in that same century, Mixcoatl’s son, Ce Acatl Topiltzin,
began forming several states that consisted of different
ethnic groups, creating an empire. Many gods were associated with the Toltec Ruins to include
Quetzalcoatl, which means “feathered serpent.”
This god represented civilization, the forces of good
and light. This
name came from the Aztec, which was connected to the
Kulkulcan was also represented by a feathered serpent.
While no one is certain, experts believe this god was
derived from the same historical figure as Quetzalcoatl was.
Other gods that played an important role for the
Toltec people and associated with the Toltec Ruins include
Tezcaltlipoca, the god of night and darkness, Centotl, god
of corn, Tiloc, the god of rain and vegetation, Tonatiuh the
solar god, and finally, Itzaploti, the god of butterfly of
people were great builders and craftsmen, having created
some amazing porticoes, serpent columns, metalwork, carved
animal and human standard bearers, massive statues, and
unusual reclining Chac-Mool figures.
Then in the 12th century, the nomadic
Chichimec invaded this area, literally destroying the
dominant state of the Toltecs.
As a part of this invasion were the Aztec Indians,
who went on to destroy Tollan in the 12th
One of the
significant aspects of the Toltecs is that their culture was
so strong that the Maya of Chichen Itza incorporated much of
it. While a
positive connection cannot be made, it is believed that the
emerging Kukulcan, or Mayan version of the feathered serpent
god, coordinated with the peak and probably demise of the
Toltec civilization. The
assimilation of the Toltec culture at Chichen Itza was so
powerful that you can find feathered rattlesnake images
throughout the area.
know much about Tula, the Toltec Ruins, and the Toltec
people, there are many myths associated with this
is that the priest king of Tula, Quetzalcatl.
Some stories indicate that he offered humans as
truth, he did offer sacrifices but only birds, butterflies,
and snakes. Prior
to him performing any of his black magic, he was expelled
from Tula by Tezcatlipoca, the god of the night sky.
at Quetzalcatl, located at the Aztec capital was designed as
a round building, shape believed to match best with the
god’s personality. During
this era, it was believed that circular temples pleased the
god Ehcatl since no sharp obstacles were presented to the
how you look at it, the Toltec people were known as being
people of knowledge. These
people were strong, creative, and very talented, obviously
seen in the Toltec Ruins. Throughout their existence,
Teotihuacan was the center of spiritual knowledge and
transformation for the Toltec.
For this reason, these ruins are a popular
destination, one that provides a glimpse into the special
nature and deepness of the Toltec people.